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Male with burns

BURNS

Many burns affect only the skin, and are superficial (like a sunburn). Burns that affect deeper tissue are classed as partial-thickness (wet, painful, pink or red) or full-thickness (dry, no pain, grey/brownish, may look like normal skin but without sensation) depending on the depth. All burns may be painful, and it is often the superficial and partial-thickness ones that are the most painful.

A burn can be caused by:

  • Dry heat: for example, fire
  • Hot fluids (scalds): for example, hot shower, steam, hot oil
  • Chemical (acid, alkaline): for example, hydrochloric acid, sulphuric acid, caustic soda, cement
  • Electrical: low voltage for example, flash or high voltage for example, power lines
  • Radiation: for example, sunburn, sun lamps


People with diabetes have reduced sensation in their feet and so are susceptible to scalds and thermal injuries there.

If the partial-thickness burn is bigger than your hand (palm and fingers) or located on hand, armpit, genital, face, neck, hollow of the knee or feet you should always seek professional help. All full-thickness (deep) burn should always be taken care of by a doctor.

If you are uncertain, always contact your doctor or nurse.

Male with burns

WHAT CAN YOU DO?

Where possible, immediately cool the burn by placing under lukewarm running water for at least 20 minutes. This may limit the damage to the tissue and relieve pain.

Treatment

After cooling the burn, use a clean towel, sheet or cloth to gently pat dry. Do not burst any blisters as this exposes the fragile skin underneath to infection. Small partial-thickness burns should be covered with a dressing that does not stick to the wound. Larger partial-thickness and all full-thickness burns should be covered loosely with a clean towel, sheet or cloth and immediate medical advice sought.

Do not apply any creams, oils, emollients to the wound.

Dressings

The dressing you use will depend on the depth and extent of the burn. 

  • A superficial burn causes red and swollen skin, and will generally heal within a week
  • A partial-thickness burn causes red, swollen skin with blisters and/or superficial wounds, they usually heel within 2 weeks 
  • A full-thickness burn is very deep and contains dead skin and tissue and should always be treated a doctor 


Some dressings can take off the ‘top’ of the wound (also called the ‘wound bed’) and also the skin around the wound, which again can be painful. You will need to use a dressing that protects the wound and the surrounding skin. Your doctor or nurse will know which of the dressings are best to use for your wound.

Infection

It is important to keep the wound clean to avoid infection and minimise pain.
Watch the wound for signs of infection which include:

  • An increase or a change in pain
  • Odour from the wound
  • Increased redness
  • Swelling
  • An increase in the amount and colour of exudate (fluid) from the wound
  • A high temperature

 

A number of suitable dressings can be found if you click on the ‘our solutions’ tab.


Male with painful burns

MINIMISING PAIN

Generally, all burns are painful. It is important to try and reduce this pain as much as possible using a dressing that protects the wound and doesn't harm the surrounding skin.

Dressing changes

Some dressings can take off the ‘top’ of the wound (the ‘wound bed’) and the skin around the wound, which again can be painful. You will need to use a dressing that protects the wound and the surrounding skin.

Help

Mölnylcke Health Care dressings have a special, gentle adhesive which means that they cause little or no pain when they are taken off. This is called Safetac® technology. Click here to learn more about Safetac technology. Your doctor or nurse will know which of the dressings are best to use for your wound

If you want to learn more about pain and how you can minimise it, please visit our Pain centre by clicking the button.

GET MORE INFO ABOUT SUITABLE DRESSINGS FOR BURNS

Mepilex Ag

Mepilex® Ag

  • Use as prevention or when signs of infection 
  • Contains silver which kills bacteria
  • Has a Safetac layer making it less painful to remove
  • Is very soft and comfortable 
  • Absorbs exudate (wound fluid) 
  • Keeps the wound moist which makes it heal faster
  • Does not harm the surrounding skin

Mepitel® Film

  • Has a Safetac layer making it less painful to remove
  • Limits the risk for damage of newly formed tissue
  • Transparent for easy inspection
  • Is soft and comformable
  • Bacteria and viral barrier
  • Is shower proof
Mepilex Border Ag

Mepilex®Border Ag

  • Use on burns with moderate to high exudate (wound fluid)
  • Use if silver is indicated as a preventive action or to manage signs of infection
  • Contains silver which kills bacteria
  • Has a Safetac layer making it less painful to remove
  • Keeps the wound moist which makes it heal faster
  • Is shower-proof
  • Does not harm the surrounding skin

Mepitel®

  • Use on clean burns
  • Keeps the wound moist which makes it heal faster 
  • Protects the wound  
  • Has a Safetac layer making it less painful to remove 
  • Is placed between the wound and an absorbent dressing 
  • Can be left on for up to 2 weeks (more info on the product page)
Mepitel One

Mepitel® One

  • Use on clean burns 
  • Keeps the wound moist which makes it heal faster
  • Protects the wound 
  • Has a Safetac layer making it less painful to remove
  • Thin, conformable and transparent
  • Is placed between the wound and an absorbent dressing 
  • Can be left on for up to 2 weeks (more info on the product page)

Mepilex®

  • Use on exuding wounds
  • Is very soft and comfortable 
  • Has a Safetac layer making it less painful to remove
  • Absorbs exudate (wound fluid) 
  • Keeps the wound moist which makes it heal faster 
  • Does not harm the surrounding skin
Mepilex Lite

Mepilex® Lite

  • Use on wounds with less wound exudate (wound fluid) 
  • Is very thin, soft and comfortable 
  • Has a Safetac layer making it less painful to remove
  • Keeps the wound moist which makes it heal faster  
  • Does not harm the surrounding skin

Mepore®

  • Use on small burns and burns with little exudate (wound fluid)
  • Stays securely in place
  • Can be used on top of Mepitel, Mepitel One
Mesorb

Mesorb®

  • Use on burns with a lot of exudate (wound fluid) 
  • Cushions the wound 
  • Can be used with Mepitel, Mepitel One

Tubifast™ With 2-Way Stretch Technology

  • Use to keep your dressing in place if adhesives are not wanted 
  • Is easy to put in place
  • Available in many widths
Mepiform

Mepiform®

  • Use for prevention and treatment of scars 
  • No extra fixation is needed; stays in place 
  • Is thin, flexible and discreet 
  • Can be worn in all daily activities 
  • Can be reapplied and be used for up to 7 days 
  • UV-protection

Mepitac®

  • Gentle fixation tape for sensitive/fragile skin
  • Minimises pain and skin damage at removal due to a Safetac layer close to the skin
  • Is soft and comfortable
  • Water proof
  • Low risk of skin irritation and allergy
Avance NPWT system

Avance® NPWT system

  • Use on clean wounds 
  • Keeps the wound moist which makes it heal faster
  • Protects the wound 
  • Has a Safetac layer making it less painful to remove

 

Contact

CONTACT US

Welcome to contact Mölnlycke Health Care about burns and our solutions!
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